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Our history 

The SCC has always been independent. We were founded in 1917 as an independent entity within the Stockholm Chamber of Commerce and have worked without commercial or political interests ever since. This forms a key part of our history, but it is also important as we look to the future.   

Over our more than 100-year history, we have grown into one of the world's leading dispute resolution institutions. Every year, parties from around 45 different countries choose us to settle their disputes.  

Our international status as a forum for dispute resolution originates in the Optional Clause Agreement, an agreement signed in 1977 between the United States (through the American Arbitration Association) and the then Soviet Union (through the USSR Chamber of Commerce and Industry). This agreement allowed for US-Soviet commercial disputes to be resolved in Sweden with the assistance of the SCC. Around the same time, China also chose to transfer its international disputes to Sweden and the SCC.  
 
Sweden and the SCC have also played a unique role in the system developed for international investment protection. In over 120 bilateral investment protection treaties, Sweden or the SCC is named as the forum for disputes between investor and state. We are now the second largest institution in the world for investment disputes. In the EU, there is an ongoing discussion on how to resolve disputes in investment agreements.   

Innovation and development are important to ensure that we continue to provide services that are relevant to the business community. The SCC, for example, was the first in the world to develop a digital communications platform for case management, including a secure database for documents.   

The history of arbitration in Sweden and at the SCC 

1359
Provisions concerning arbitration appear in Swedish legislation. 

1669
Provisions concerning enforcement of arbitral awards appear in Swedish legislation.

1887
The first Swedish Arbitration Act is adopted. 

1917
SCC Arbitration Institute is established. 

1929
Sweden ratifies the Geneva Protocol of 1923 and the Geneva Convention of 1927. 
A new Swedish Arbitration Act is adopted which replaces the 1887 Act.
The Swedish Act on Foreign Arbitration Agreements and Awards is adopted.

1949
The SCC Arbitration Institute adopts new Rules.

1972
Sweden ratifies the 1958 New York Convention. 

1976
SCC Arbitration Institute adopts new rules, the first particularly aimed at international arbitration. 

1977
SCC Arbitration Institute is included into the Optional Arbitration Clause for Use in Contracts in trade between the Unites States of America and the USSR. 

1988
The Rules of the SCC Arbitration Institute are revised for the purpose of making the arbitral procedures further international. 

1995
The SCC Arbitration Institute adopts its first Rules for Expedited Arbitrations. 

1999
A new Swedish Arbitration Act is adopted, replacing both the 1929 Arbitration Act and the Act concerning Foreign Arbitration Agreements and Awards of the same year. 
The Rules of the SCC Arbitration Institute and the SCC Rules for Expedited Arbitrations are revised, as are other rules adopted by the SCC Arbitration Institute. 

1999
The Mediation Institute of the Stockholm Chamber of Commerce is established (SCC Mediation Institute) and the Rules of the SCC Mediation Institute are adopted. 

2010
Introduction of Emergency Arbitration provisions into the SCC Arbitration Rules and the SCC Expedited Arbitration Rules. 

2013
Introduction of a digital case administration system. 

2017
New Edition of the SCC Rules, introduction of Joinder, Multi-Contract, Administrative Secretary, Investor-State arbitration and security for costs provisions. 
Stockholm Treaty Lab. 

2019
SCC Platform is launched, mandatory in all SCC arbitrations. 

2020
Launch of SCC‘s Ad Hoc Platform. 

2021
Launch of SCC Express, dispute resolution within three weeks and for a fixed fee. 

2022
Launch of SCC Hearing Facilities 
Launch of SCC/SAA Diploma Course for International Arbitrators

the quiet triumph

The quiet triumph 

The success of international arbitration is generally only understood by the actors working within it, and now is the time to make an unknown story known.

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About Arbitration

SCC arbitration results in an award that cannot be appealed and is enforceable in more than 160 countries.  

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Stockholm Treaty Lab

Stockholm Treaty Lab is a global innovation competition which crowdsources law for a better climate.